Cleft Lip – Palate is a disease that occurs during the development of the baby in the mother's womb due to a deficiency in the fusion of the structures in the baby's facial region due to various reasons. In environmental factors, rubella infection of the mother in the first trimester of pregnancy, oligohydromniosis, vitamin B deficiency, use of steroid anticonvulsants may be the trigger. With toxoplasmosis and rubella infections in the first trimester, children of older mothers are at higher risk. Smoking and vitamin deficiency are also thought to have an effect on this.
There is no single cause of this congenital anomaly; while genetic factors may play a role, this abnormality may also occur due to many reasons such as consanguineous marriage, viral infections during pregnancy, some vitamin deficiencies, smoking or alcohol use by the mother during pregnancy.
Cleft lip surgery should be performed as early as possible, preferably in the first 3 months, and cleft palate surgery should be performed at 6 to 12 months, taking into account the baby's weight and blood values.